Empire Bibliography

Note: In November 2019, I added a new section to the bibliography on Imperial Religion and I have added over 30 books to section IV, Empire context implications for the church today.
Note further: what I call snapshots are my rough notes from reading the book. If you want to see the blogposts I have written on Empire and Empire books, go to my Blog Outline


I CONTEXT- First Century: Bible and Church in EMPIRE
A Caesar and his Empire of Rome
1 Imperial Religion here

2 Biblical Scholarship on Empire
The Roman Empire and the New Testament: An Essential Guide,  Warren Carter  2009 snapshot
The World of the New Testament: Cultural, Social, and Historical Contexts, Joel Green and Lee McDonald, 2013
God and Empire: Jesus Against Rome, Then and Now, J. D. Crossan 2009 snapshot
Christ and Empire: From Paul to Postcolonial Times,  Joerg Rieger, 2007.
Jesus and Empire: The Kingdom of God and the New World Disorder
,  Richard Horsley 2002 snapshot
Christian Origins: A People’ History of Christianity, Richard Horsley ed 2005
Being the Church in the Midst of Empire, Karen L. Bloomquist 2005
Christian Origins and Greco-Roman Culture: Social and Literary Contexts for the New Testament, Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts 2012
Empire and the Christian Tradition: New Readings of Classical Theologians, Kwok Pui Lan and Joerg Rieger 2007
Christianity and the Rhetoric of Empire: The Development of Christian Discourse, Averil Cameron 1991
The New Testament in Antiquity: A Survey of the New Testament within Its Cultural Context, Gary Burge, Lynn Cohick, and Gene Green 2010
Honor, Patronage, Kinship & Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, David deSilva 2000
Christ’s Associations: Connecting and Belonging in the Ancient City, John S. Kloppenborg 2019

B Jesus and his KINGDOM OF GOD
Subversive Meals: An Analysis of the Lord’s Supper under Roman Domination during the First Century,  R. Alan Streett 2013
Caesar and the Sacrament Baptism: A Rite of Resistance, R. Alan Streett 2018
Holy Subversion: Allegiance to Christ in an Age of Rivals, Trevin Wax 2010
Subverting the Devil’s Kingdom 24/7, Jared Moore 2012
Subversive Christianity Imaging God in a Dangerous Time, Brian Walsh 2015
Subversive Kingdom: Living as Agents of Gospel Transformation, Ed Stetzer  2012
To Caesar What Is Caesar’s: Tribute, Taxes, and Imperial Administration in Early Roman Palestine, Fabian Udoh  2005
Empire Baptized- How the Church Embraced What Jesus Rejected: 2nd – 5th Centuries,  Wes Howard-Brook 2016
God’s Reign and the End of Empires, Antonio Gonzales 2012
A Theology for the Social Gospel, Walter Rauschenbusch  Reprint of 1918 Edition
The Kingdom of God  John Bright 1953
Understanding the Kingdom of God, Georgia Harkness 1974 (2005)

II TEXT: New Testament in the Empire Setting

A General
In the Shadow of Empire: Reclaiming the Bible as a History of Faithful Resistance, Richard Horsley (ed) 2008 snapshot
Empire in the New Testament, Stanley Porter Cynthia Westfall (eds) 2011
An Introduction to Empire in the New Testament, Adam Winn (ed) 2016
Theology of the Old Testament, Walter Brueggemann 2012
The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, Norman Gottwald 1979
The Bible and Liberation, Gottwald and Horsley 1993
Come Out, My People! God’s Call out of Empire in the Bible and Beyond, Wes Howard-Brook 2012 snapshot

B Specific book(s) of the New Testament
Matthew and Empire: Initial Explorations, Warren Carter 2001
Matthew and the Margins: A Sociopolitical and Religious Reading,  Warren Carter 2013
Binding the Strong Man: A Political Reading of Mark’s Story of Jesus, Ched Myers 1987
Discourses of Empire: The Gospel of Mark from a Postcolonial Perspective, Hans Leander 2013
Liberation from Empire: Demonic Possession and Exorcism in the Gospel of Mark, Cheryl Pero 2013
The Roman Empire in Luke’s Narrative, Kazuhiko Yamazaki-Ransom 2010
Luke’s Jesus in the Roman Empire and the Emperor in the Gospel of Luke, Pyung Soo Seo 2015
Status Reversals and Hidden Transcripts in the Gospel of Luke, Amanda Miller 2014
Luke-Acts and Empire: Essays in Honor of Robert L. Brawley 2011
The Kingdom according to Luke and Acts: A Social, Literary, and Theological Introduction, Karl Kuhn 2015
John and Empire: Initial Explorations, Warren Carter  2008
John’s Gospel in the New Perspective: Christology and the Realities of Roman Power, Richard Cassidy 1992
Greater Than Caesar: Christology and Empire in the Fourth Gospel, Tom Thatcher 2009
Acts of Empire: The Acts of the Apostles and Imperial Ideology, Christine Petterson 2012
World Upside Down: Reading Acts in the Graeco-Roman Age, Kavin Rowe 2009
Romans Disarmed, Sylvia Keesmaat  2019
The Arrogance of Nations: Reading Romans in the Shadow of Empire, Neil Elliot 2008
Paul Through Mediterranean Eyes: Cultural Studies in 1 Corinthians, Kenneth E Bailey 2011
Resurrection as Anti-Imperial Gospel:  1 Thessalonians 1: 9b-10 in Context, Edward Pillar 2013
Paul and Politics: Ekklesia, household, and empire in 1 Corinthians 1-7,  Ok-Pil Kim 2011
Galatians Re-Imagined: Reading With the Eyes of the Vanquished, Brigitte Kahl 2010 snapshot
Colossians Remixed: Subverting the Empire, Walsh and Keesmaat 2004
Onesimus Our Brother: Reading Religion, Race and Culture in Philemon, Matthew Johnson 2009
Picturing Paul in Empire: Imperial Image, Text and Persuasion in Colossians, Ephesians and the Pastoral Epistles,  Harry O Maier 2013
Resisting Empire: Rethinking the Purpose of the Letter to “the Hebrews”,  Jason Whitlark 2014
Conflict, Community, and Honor: 1 Peter in Social-Scientific Perspective,  John Elliott 2007
Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins,  Steven Friesen 2006
Reading Revelation Responsibly: Uncivil Worship and Witness: Following the Lamb into the New Creation, Michael Gorman 2011
No Longer at Ease: Seven Churches and the Empire: A Study of Revelation 1-3, Kent Ulery 2011
Untold Tales from the Book of Revelation: Sex and Gender, Empire and Ecology, Stephen Moore, 2014
What Does Revelation Reveal? Unlocking the Mystery,  Warren Carter  2011
Unveiling Empire: Reading Revelation Then and Now, Howard-Brook and Gwyther  2013
The Woman Babylon and the Marks of Empire: Reading Revelation with a Postcolonial
Womanist Hermeneutics, Shanell Smith 2014

III CONTEXT- Twenty-First Century: Empire in history and today
God and Empire: Jesus Against Rome, Then and Now, John Dominic Crossan 2009
The Sources of Social Power: Volume 1 A history of power from the beginning to AD 1760, Michael Mann, 2012  snapshot
The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community, David C Korten 2006  snapshot
…and forgive them their debts: Lending, Foreclosure and Redemption From Bronze Age Finance to the Jubilee Year, Michael Hudson snapshot
The American Empire and the Commonwealth of God: A Political, Economic, Religious Statement, Griffin; Cobb; Falk; Keller. 2006
A Short History of Progress, Ronald Wright 2009
Empire and the Christian Tradition: Kwok, Compier, and Rieger 2007
This Changes Everything, Naomi Klein 2015


Tier 1
The Underground Church: Reclaiming the Subversive Way of Jesus, Robin R. Meyers   2012   snapshot
Faithful Resistance: Gospel Visions For the Church in a Time of Empire, Rick Ufford-Chase , Annanda Barclay, et al.
Jesus vs. Caesar: for people tired of serving the wrong God, Joerg Rieger. 2018
Sacred Resistance: A Practical Guide to Christian Witness and Dissent, Ginger Gaines-Cirelli   2018 

Tier 2
Materiality as Resistance: Five Elements for Moral Action in the Real World, Walter Brueggemann 2020
Subversive Christianity: Imaging God in a Dangerous Time, Brian J. Walsh 2015
Solus Jesus: A Theology of Resistance, Emily Swan, Ken Wilson 2018
The Fall of the Church, Roger Haydon Mitchell 2013 snapshot
Everything Must Change: Jesus, Global Crises, and a Revolution of Hope, Brian McLaren, Lloyd James, et al. 2007 
The Forgotten Ways: Reactivating Apostolic Movements, Alan Hirsch , Ed Stetzer, et al. 2016 
Underground Church: A Living Example of the Church in Its Most Potent Form, Brian Sanders and Alan Hirsch | Mar 6, 2018  
Romans Disarmed: Resisting Empire, Demanding Justice, Sylvia C. Keesmaat and Brian J. Walsh | May 21, 2019
Theo-Biblical Reflections on Important Issues from the Margins: Black Lives Matter, Incarceration, & Resistance to Empire, Tyree Anderson, Kurt Clark  2019

American Catholics, American Culture: Tradition and Resistance (American Catholics in the Public Square), Margaret O’Brien Steinfels, J Bottum, et al. 2004
Awakening Youth Discipleship: Christian Resistance in a Consumer Culture, Brian J. Mahan , Michael Warren, et al. 2014
The Future of Our Faith: An Intergenerational Conversation on Critical Issues Facing the Church, Ronald J. Sider and Ben Lowe 2016
Blue Collar Resistance and the Politics of Jesus: Doing Ministry with Working Class Whites, Tex Sample  2006
Reconstructing the Gospel: Finding Freedom from Slaveholder Religion, Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove and The Reverend Dr. William J. Barber III  2018
Invisible Institution and Empire: A Culture of Resistance in America, Kurt S Clark  2013
Solus Jesus: A Theology of Resistance, Emily Swan , Ken Wilson , et al. 2018
Resistance: The New Role of Progressive Christians, Jr. Cobb John B.  2008

Hidden Criticism of the Angry Tyrant in Early Judaism and the Acts of the Apostles, Drew J. Strait  2019
Resisting Empire: The Book of Revelation as Resistance, C. Wess Daniels 2019
Sabbath as Resistance: Saying No to the Culture of Now, Walter Brueggemann  2017
From Jesus to Christianity: How Four Generations of Visionaries & Storytellers Created the New Testament and Christian Faith, L. Michael White 2016
Sacred Economics: Money, Gift, and Society in the Age of Transition, Charles Eisenstein   2011
Shaking the Gates of Hell: Faith-Led Resistance to Corporate Globalization, Sharon Delgado  2020

Bonhoeffer on Resistance: The Word Against the Wheel, Michael P. DeJonge  | Oct 30, 2018
Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America 1492-1830: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830. John H. Elliott  2006
How Christianity Saved Civilization… And Must Do So Again, Mike Aquilina and James L. Papandrea  2019
The Triumph of Christianity: How a Forbidden Religion Swept the World, Bart D. Ehrman 2018
Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity, Mark A. Noll  2012
When Christians Were Jews: The First Generation, Paula Fredriksen 2018
Religion and Power:Theology in the Age of Empire, Jione Havea , Collin Cowan 2018
The Resistance: The Church and Its Mission, Zach Maddox and John Lindell  2015
Saving Jesus from the Church: How to Stop Worshiping Christ and Start Following Jesus, Robin R. Meyers  2010
Saving Paradise: How Christianity Traded Love of This World for Crucifixion and Empire, Rebecca Ann Parker and Rita Nakashima Brock  2009
Spiritual Defiance: Building a Beloved Community of Resistance, Robin Meyers  2016
Unarmed Empire: In Search of Beloved Community, Sean Palmer and Scot McKnight 2017
The Underground Church, Eugene Bach, Brother Zhu  2014
From the Underground Church to Freedom, Tomáš Halík, Gerald Turner  2019

V Supplementary issues

A Jesus and the Empire
Jesus and Politics: Confronting the Powers, Alan Storkey  2005
Pax Romana and the Peace of Jesus Christ, Klaus Wengst 1987
Jesus, Justice and the Reign of God, William Herzog 1999
Prophet and Teacher: An Introduction to the Historical Jesus, William Herzog 2005
Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower, Christopher Bryan  2005
Parables as Subversive Speech: Jesus as Pedagogue of the Oppressed, William Herzog 1994
Jesus and the Spiral of Violence, Richard Horsley 1993
Jesus and Empire: The Kingdom of God and the New World Disorder,  Richard Horsley 2002
Jesus in Context: Power, People, and Performance Richard Horsley  2008
Jesus and the Powers: Conflict, Covenant, And The Hope Of The Poor, Richard Horsley  2012
The Prophet Jesus and the Renewal of Israel, Richard Horsley 2012
Jesus and the Politics of Roman Palestine, Richard Horsley  2013
The Politics of Jesus: Rediscovering the True Revolutionary Nature of Jesus’ Teachings and How They Have Been Corrupted, Obery Hendricks  2006
ReJesus: A Wild Messiah for a Missional Church, Frost and Hirsch 2008
The Politics of Jesus, John Howard Yoder 1972
Jesus, the Galilean Exorcist: His Exorcisms in Social and Political Context, Amanda Witmer 2014
The Social Gospel of Jesus, Bruce Malina  2001
The Social World of Jesus and the Gospels, Bruce J. Malina 2002
John, Jesus, and the Renewal of Israel, Horsley and Thatcher 2013

B Paul and the Empire
Apostle to the Conquered: Re-imagining Paul’s Mission, Davina Lopez 2008
In Search of Paul: How Jesus’ Apostle Opposed Rome’s Empire with God’s Kingdom, John Dominic Crossan  2009
The First Paul: Reclaiming the Radical Visionary Behind the Church’s Conservative Icon, John Dominic Crossan and Marcus Borg  2009
Reading Paul in Context: Explorations in Identity Formation,  Kathy Ehrensperger 2013
Paul and Empire: Religion and Power in Roman Imperial Society, Richard Horsley 1997
Paul and the Roman Imperial Order, Richard Horsley 2004
Liberating Paul, Neil Elliott 2006
The Colonized Apostle: Paul Through Postcolonial Eyes, Christopher Stanley 2011
Transient Apostle: Paul, Travel, and the Rhetoric of Empire, Timothy Marquis 2013
Paul and the Faithfulness of God, N T Wright 2013
The Politics of Heaven: Women, Gender, and Empire in the Study of Paul, Joseph Marchal  2008

C Methodology
What is Social-Scientific Criticism?, John Elliott 1993
Review: John Elliott’s What is Social-Scientific Criticism?, James D. Dvorak 2007 here
The New Testament: Methods and Meanings, Warren Carter; Amy-Jill Levine 2013
Religion, Theology, and Class: Fresh Engagements after Long Silence, Joerg Rieger  2013
How Nonviolent Struggle Works, Gene Sharp 2013

D The Powers
Message and the Kingdom: How Jesus and Paul Ignited Revolution and Transformed the Ancient World,  Richard Horsley  2002
Hidden Transcripts And The Arts Of Resistance: Applying The Work Of James C. Scott To Jesus And Paul,, Richard Horsley  2004
Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts James C Scott 1992
The Powers That Be: A Theology for a New Millennium, Walter Wink 1998 book
Engaging the Powers: Discernment and Resistance in a World of Domination, Walter Wink 1992

Since assembling this bibliography my research has uncovered another 56 relevant books. These can be found here.